I am learning to summarise a text
I can put the main ideas of the page into one or two sentences
Water Worries - School Journal, L3, April 2012
Write a summary of each page in the box on the right.
Remember you should only have one or two sentences to summarise the ideas for each page.
This page is about… This page is telling us what water is and that water is reliable, and also what it does. It also tells us what issues we can have with water.
This page is about… where we get our water from and when it comes from. Fun Fact: The water that you drink daily is the water that was used millions and millions of years ago. It also talks about the water cycle.
These pages are about… The water cycle. The water cycle is a step by step thing that talks about how water is made, what happens to the water, and how we can reuse it. 41 talks about what water can lead to and what it can turn into.
These pages are about… The problems the water cycle can cause. It tells us that the amount of water we are using is changing. It tells us that the main reason for this is farming. It talks about the food we make in NZ is made to be sold overseas. Page 43 tells us that the Manawatu river is one of the dirtiest rivers in the world.
This page is about… the climate change cause by the increase of gas there is in the greenhouse. Their are some places like Australia where it doesn’t rain that much. When their isn’t enough rain then the rivers start to dry up and they don’t get that much water. Even though this hasn’t happened in New Zealand, this still means that rainfall patterns are less reliable.
This page is about… Unusual water solutions. Some countries that already have their problems with water are trying to find new ways to fix it. In Saudi Arabia, which is a very dry place with a population of 29 million, systems already provide 70 percent of the country’s water. They take water and remove the salt to make it drinkable. This is also used in Perth, Australia.
This page is about… Our water future. There’s no doubt that having a reliable supply of clean water is one of the problems we are facing at the moment. And there are some people who ask really challenging questions about it that is even more harder to answer. For example, How much water should should farms and factories be allowed to use? What if they don’t leave enough water for others to use? Always think about what you are tipping down the drain because this will help.
This page is about… Harvesting Rain. it talks about what people all over the world think of rain as a reliable and clean source of drinking water. It tells us that to collect rain collect it of your roof because that is the easiest way instead of looking up into the sky and opening your mouth. But that’s not the only way their are other options to use to collect rain.
This page is about… How to make your own water harvester.
- Often, we take for granted being able to drink water out of a cup but not know what issues their are towards what you are doing.
- We get our water from all kinds of places, such as rivers, streams, lakes, springs and even rain water of the roof.
- All water in the world is part of the water cycle.
- The water cycle is when the sun melts the water and the water rises as vapour and becomes clouds. But then temperatures become colder and turn the water into snow, hail, or rain.
- When the sun heats water in oceans, rivers and lakes, some of that water rises into the air as vapour and becomes clouds.
- When it gets colder, moisture in clouds turns into rain, hail, or snow.
- Some of this gets absorbed back into the Earth, where it becomes ground water supply.
- Because of the water cycle, the amount of water we have on Earth is changing.
- Serious pressure is being put on the water supply in Canterbury because of the growing of wheat, or farmed sheep.
- Rainwater washes this fertiliser, along with the animal waste, into our rivers.
- Anything that goes into outdoor drains have to be clean before making it’s way to the river but drained water doesn’t get treated.
- In many places around the world, their is not enough water which makes the rivers dry up and when the rivers dry up their is not enough rain to provide water for those who are thirsty.
- Less rainfall has caused some rivers to dry up, including the world's biggest rivers such as the Yellow River, the Murray Darling River, and the Colorado River.
- Desalination means the process of removing salt from seawater
- Fog harvesting is when people get nets and make it look like a volleyball net and when it rains the raindrops all onto the fog and into the collectors.
- Everyone can help use less water by
- Taking clean but fast showers.
- Always think about what your tipping down the drain
- Turn of the tap when you're brushing your teeth and never waste that glass of water!
- Rain can be harvested by collecting rain from the roof or making your own rain harvester.
- To make your own rain harvester, you need
- A container to hold the water
- A large plastic bag (rubbish bags will do)
- Two lengths of bamboo
- A twisty tie